Sunday, January 17, 2010



Copyright © 2010 by Lowell Gallin

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YERUSHALAYIM, Israelite Tribal Territories of Judah and Benjamin, Kingdom of David and Solomon, United Israelite Kingdom of Judah and Joseph, Second Day, Hebrew Month of "Shvat", 5770; Yom Rishon (First Day of Week/"Sun"-day, January 17, 2010), Root & Branch Information Services :

Dear R&B Readers,

On May 28, 2009, we distributed through the R&B Information Services "Tale of Two Questions (for the Vatican)". In this report were included the verbatim text of two questions that I asked His Excellency, Monsignor Antonio Franco, Apostolic Nuncio to Israel, at a press conference held on Monday, May 4, 2009 at Mishkenot Sha'ananim.

The press conference was hosted by Mishkenot Sha'ananim and the Interreligious Coordinating Council in Israel (I.C.C.J.), one week before the visit to Israel of Pope Benedikt XVI. This event - in which His Excellency was under (well justified) fire from a mainly unfriendly press corps - was conducted with great dignity by Dr. Ron Kronish of the I.C.C.J. and Mr. Uri Dromi of Mishkenot Sha'ananim. His Excellency also conducted himself like a gentleman.

Monsignor Franco's response, however, was not included in our May 28 report. Several readers wrote asking what the Monsignor's response was. I promised these readers that I would publish His Excellency's answers through the R&B Information Services.

Today, Pope Benedict visits the synagogue of Rome This seems an auspicious time to publish the Monsignor's response, as well as another response...from Someone Else.

Here is a summary of Monsignor Franco's answer to my questions. The Monsignor's answer went something like this:

"I can see that you are reading from a prepared text, that you took much time to prepare your questions. I am not familiar with all the historical events you brought up. Also, we must remember that we are looking back over a long period of time at a dark period in human history when people made difficult decisions, had to make compromises. We should not be too judgmental about the decisions people made in those days. Perhaps you and I can meet sometimes to discuss these issues further".

If the Monsignor really wanted to get together, this was not evident following the press conference, as people were leaving the conference room. The Monsignor was sitting about 15 feet from me, speaking into his cell phone, and looking (angrily, it seemed to me) at the floor. I stood for a few moments, looking directly at His Excellency. His Excellency did not return my gaze. I left.

Now, a personal note I did not include in our original dispatch on May 28, 2009. I had not intended to ask any questions at the press conference with His Excellency. However, as I was leaving our home, where my wife Angelika Rachel, a certified nursery school teacher, runs a home nursery school (now in its tenth year) for babies aged eight months to two years, the door was blocked by one of the babies, Little Prince Oria (Oria means "light" in Hebrew). I tried to open the door, but Oria kept blocking the way. He also kept looking directly at me.

Oria's mother is from Argentina, where so many of those Nazi criminals and their stolen Jewish (and other) property (including the gold from many Jewish teeth) ended up, courtesy of Nazi collaborating Juan Peron and his equally evil mistress, Evita (don't worry, Evita, here is one person who will NEVER cry for you, or Argentina) and their buddies over in Europe operating the Berlin-Buenos Aires Vatican sponsored "ratlines".

I looked directly back into Oria's eyes. It seemed to me, suddenly, that a door opened, and I imagined I saw a multitude of eyes looking at me through Oria's eyes. Specifically, 1.5 million eyes of the Jewish children who went up the chimneys of Nazi Europe (and many Gypsy and other children as well). The eyes seemed to silently be saying, "You cannot go to that press conference, enjoy your coffee and cake, and be silent. You were given a gift of intelligent speech. Use it for us".

At that moment, a Force I can only identify as The Fury came on me, and I decided that I would not go and leave that press conference in silence (I like to consider myself a Reformed Anger-Holic, but sometimes I have relapses. The full moon comes out, and Yours Truly turns into a werewolf). At the moment I decided not to shut up, Little Prince Oria suddenly moved away from the door, and I was allowed to pass through it.

A note to those children who went up those chimneys, to all the children who were swept away. You live in the hearts of those who remember you:

And the God in whom I believe promises that one day, hopefully soon, you, and those who loved you, both living and dead, will be reunited, right here, on Planet Earth:

"And in this mountain will the LORD of hosts make unto all peoples a feast of fat things, a feast of wines on the lees, of fat things full of marrow, of wines on the lees well refined. 7 And He will destroy in this mountain the face of the covering that is cast over all peoples, and the veil that is spread over all nations. 8 He will swallow up death for ever; and the Lord GOD will wipe away tears from off all faces; and the reproach of His people will He take away from off all the earth; for the LORD hath spoken it".

Isaiah 25:6-8

Above you have His Excellency's response to the two questions. Scroll down to read the original questions.

First, here are excerpts from Someone Else's response to the history of Catholic Church and Vatican "relations" with the Jewish People. Read, and see the fate that shortly awaits the Princes of Peter sitting on their thrones in Rome:

Thus says the God of Israel:

"For the violence done to thy brother Jacob shame shall cover thee, and thou shalt be cut off for ever. In the day that thou didst stand aloof, in the day that strangers carried away his substance, and foreigners entered into his gates, and cast lots upon Jerusalem, even thou wast as one of them. But thou shouldest not have gazed on the day of thy brother in the day of his disaster, neither shouldest thou have rejoiced over the children of Judah in the day of their destruction; neither shouldest thou have spoken proudly in the day of distress. Thou shouldest not have entered into the gate of My people in the day of their calamity; yea, thou shouldest not have gazed on their affliction in the day of their calamity, nor have laid hands on their substance in the day of their calamity. Neither shouldest thou have stood in the crossway, to cut off those of his that escape; neither shouldest thou have delivered up those of his that did remain in the day of distress. For the day of the LORD is near upon all the nations; as thou hast done, it shall be done unto thee; thy dealing shall return upon thine own head. For as ye have drunk upon My holy mountain, so shall all the nations drink continually, yea, they shall drink, and swallow down, and shall be as though they had not been. But in mount Zion there shall be those that escape, and it shall be holy; and the house of Jacob shall possess their possessions. And the house of Jacob shall be a fire, and the house of Joseph a flame, and the house of Esau for stubble, and they shall kindle in them, and devour them; and there shall not be any remaining of the house of Esau; for the LORD hath spoken. And they of the South shall possess the mount of Esau, and they of the Lowland the Philistines; and they shall possess the field of Ephraim, and the field of Samaria; and Benjamin shall possess Gilead. 20 And the captivity of this host of the children of Israel, that are among the Canaanites, even unto Zarephath, and the captivity of Jerusalem, that is in Sepharad, shall possess the cities of the South. And saviours shall come up on mount Zion to judge the mount of Esau; and the kingdom shall be the LORD'S".

Ovadiah 1:10-21

Please find below:

1. "Tale of Two Questions (for the Vatican)" (R&B Information Services, May 28, 2009)

2. "1933-2003: Seventieth Anniversaries of Evil (R&B Information Services, August 1, 2003)

Shalom from Yerushalayim,

Mr. Lowell Gallin

Founder and President
The Root and Branch Association, Ltd.

Cracking the Qur'an Code:
God's Land, Torah and People Covenants with Israel in the Qur'an and Islamic Tradition
Volume One, First Edition
(Jerusalem: Root and Branch Association, Ltd., 2009, $12.00)


1. Tale of Two Questions (for the Vatican)

by Lowell Gallin

Originally distributed through the R&B Information Services on May 28, 2009

On Monday, May 4, 2009, Mishkenot Sha'ananim and the Interreligious Coordinating Council in Israel hosted a briefing at Mishkenot Sha'anaim in Yemin Moshe, Jerusalem, for journalists with His Excellency, Monsignor Antonio Franco, Apostolic Nuncio to Israel, one week before the visit to Israel of Pope Benedikt XVI.

Lowell Gallin asked Monsignor Franco the following question:

"Your Excellency, My question concerns two dates in church history:

Today, May 4, 2009; and March 23, 1933, seventy six years ago.

Please, would you tell us why, on March 23, 1933, was the German Catholic Center Party, under the leadership of Monsignor Kass, ordered by the Vatican to cast the swing vote giving the Nazis the two thirds majority they needed in the Reichstag to pass Hitler's 'Enabling Act', destroying German parliamentary democracy and inaugurating the new Nazi dictatorship?

And would you please tell us why; until today, May 4, 2009, has the Vatican never excommunicated a single Nazi war criminal born Catholic, including Adolf Hitler and Heinrich Himmler; church leaders who collaborated with the Nazis, such as Monsignor Tiso, ruler of the Nazi puppet state of Slovakia; and church leaders, such as Tirolean Bishop Aloys Hudel and Croatian priest Father Krunoslav Draganovic, who participated with many others in running the Berlin-Rome-Buenos Aires Ratlines, which smuggled hundred if not thousands of Nazi war criminals, and money and property they stole, out of Europe to Argentina and other havens of refuge at the end of World War Two?"



by Lowell Gallin

Originally distributed through the R&B Information Services on August 1, 2003

1. MARCH 23, 1933 -- MARCH 23, 2003


(Please see Appendix One)


2. July 20, 1933 -- July 20, 2003


GET READY for new Concordat between rapidly re-Nazifying Germany and rapidly re-paganizing Vatican, the two powers behind Teutonic throne of Final Fuhrer -- Adolf Hitler's "Coming Man" -- in re-emerging European Union Empire. European Union constitution to be revised in October, 2003, establishing permanent presidency and drastically expanded federal European state powers.

( Please see Appendix Two)


3. December 1, 1933 -- December 1, 2003


"November 12: General elections give Hitler complete rule over Germany. No opposition party or programme permitted in Reichstag election. December 1: Germany became officially a Nazi State, the party being identified with the State and no other parties allowed to exist" ("Hitler Speaks: A Series of Political Conversations with Adolf Hitler on His Real Aims" by Hermann Rauschning, London: Thornton Butterworth, Ltd., 1939, page 54).

GET READY for re-establishment of Fourth and Final Reich, now incubating within Matrushka Doll of Holy Roman Empire resurrecting within expanding European Union Empire (Hakenkreuz/Swastika -- Revolving fire wheel of ancient Germans, propelled by primeval serpent power, begins to glow and turn again).

( Please see Appendix Three)

************************************************** ********************


MARCH 23, 1933 -- MARCH 23, 2003



Excerpts cited below from:

"The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich"
by William L. Shirer
Simon and Schuster, New York, 1960 THE YEAR 1919....

As soon as the fighting [civil war between Communists and Nationalists] in Berlin was over, elections were held throughout Germany for the National Assembly, which was to draw up the new constitution. The voting, which took place on January 19, 1919, revealed that the middle and upper classes had regained some of their courage in the little more than two months which had elapsed since the 'revolution'.

The Social Democrats (the Majority and Independent Socialists), who had governed alone because no other group would share the burden, received 13,800,000 votes out of 30,000,000 cast and won 185 out of 421 seats in the Assembly, but this was considerably less than a majority. Obviously the new Germany was not going to be built by the working class alone.

TWO MIDDLE-CLASS PARTIES, THE CENTER, REPRESENTING THE POLITICAL MOVEMENT OF THE ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH, and the Democratic Party, born of a fusion in December of the old Progressive Party and the left wing of the National Liberals, polled 11,500,000 votes between them and obtained 166 seats in the Assembly. Both parties professed support for a moderate, democratic Republic, though there was considerable sentiment for an eventual restoration of the monarchy". (pages 55-56)

THE YEAR 1933....

On March 5, 1933, the day of the last democratic elections they [the German people] were to know during Hitler's life, they spoke with their ballots. Despite all the terror and intimidation, the majority of them rejected Hitler. The Nazis led the polling with 17,277,180 votes -- an increase of some five and a half million, but it comprised only 44 percent of the total vote.

A clear majority still eluded Hitler. All the persecution and suppression of the previous weeks did not prevent THE CENTER PARTY from actually increasing its vote from 4,230,600 to 4,424,900; with its ally, the CATHOLIC BAVARIAN PEOPLE'S PARTY, it obtained a total of five and a half million votes. Even the Social Democrats held their position as the second largest party, polling 7,181,629 votes, a drop of only 70,000.

The Communists lost a million supporters but still polled 4,848,058 votes. The Nationalists, led by Papen and Hugenberg, were bitterly disappointed with their own showing, a vote of 3,136,760, a mere 8 per cent of the votes cast and a gain of less than 200,000". (pages 195-196)

Still, the Nationalists' 52 seats, added to the 288 of the Nazis, gave the government a majority of 16 in the Reichstag. This was enough, perhaps, to carry on the day-to-day business of government but it was far short of the two-thirds majority which Hitler needed to carry out a new, bold plan to establish his dictatorship by consent of Parliament". (page 196)

The plan was deceptively simple and had the advantage of cloaking the seizure of absolute power in legality. The Reichstag would be asked to pass an "enabling act" conferring on Hitler's cabinet exclusive legislative powers for four years. Put even more simply, the German Parliament would be requested to turn over its constitutional functions to Hitler and take a long vacation. But since this necessitated a change in the constitution, a two-thirds majority was needed to approve it". (page 196)

How to obtain that majority was the main order of business at a cabinet meeting on March 15, 1933, the minutes of which were produced at Nuremberg [the Nuremberg War Crimes Trials]". (page 196)


The Social Democrats, who bore a heavy responsibility for the weakening of the Republic, would at least stick to their principles and go down -- this one time, defiantly. BUT NOT THE CENTER PARTY, which once had successfully defied the Iron Chancellor in the Kulturkampf. MONSIGNOR KAAS, THE PARTY LEADER, had demanded a written promise from Hitler that he would respect the President's power of veto.

But though promised before the voting, it was never given. NEVERTHELESS, THE CENTER LEADER ROSE TO ANNOUNCE THAT HIS PARTY WOULD VOTE FOR THE BILL. Bruening remained silent. The vote was soon taken: 441 for, and 84 (all Social Democrats) against.

The Nazi deputies sprang to their feet shouting and stamping deliriously and then, joined by the storm troopers, burst into the Horst Wessel song, which soon would take its place alongside "Deutschland ueber Alles" as one of the two national anthems: "Raise high the flags. Stand rank on rank together. Storm troopers march with steady, quiet tread....Thus was parliamentary democracy finally interred in Germany". (page 199)

In his speech of March 23, 1933, to the Reichstag when the legislative body of Germany abandoned its functions to the dictator, Hitler paid tribute to the Christian faiths as 'essential elements for safeguarding the soul of the German people', promised to respect their rights, declared that his government's 'ambition is a peaceful accord between Church and State' and added -- WITH AN EYE TO THE VOTES OF THE CATHOLIC CENTER PARTY, WHICH HE RECEIVED -- THAT 'WE HOPE TO IMPROVE OUR FRIENDLY RELATIONS WITH THE HOLY SEE" (page 234)


July 20, 1933 -- July 20, 2003




(Agreement between Germany and the Vatican)

The Text of the Concordat
Concordat between the Holy See and the German Reich

His HOLINESS, POPE Plus XI, and the President of Germany, being motivated by the same desire to strengthen and further the friendly relations between the Holy See and Germany,

Having the will to regulate in a permanent and mutually satisfactory way the relations between the Holy See and the State throughout Germany,

Have resolved to enter into a solemn agreement which will complement the concordats closed with certain individual German States and secure for the rest a consistent treatment of the pertinent questions, according to Principles laid down herein.

To this end, His Holiness Pope Plus XI has named His Eminence the Cardinal Eugen Pacelli, His Secretary of State, as His plenipotentiary, and the President of the German Reich has named the Vice Chancellor of the German Reich, Franz von Papen, who, having exchanged their respective credentials and found them to be in good and proper form, have agreed upon the following articles:


The German Reich guarantees the freedom of creed and of public worship to the Catholic religion.

It acknowledges the right of the Catholic Church -- within the limits of the law of the land -- to administer its own affairs and to make laws and regulations binding upon its membership within the jurisdiction of the Church.


The concordats established with Bavaria (1924), Prussia (1919), and Baden (1932) remain in force and the rights and privileges of the Catholic Church in the states named remain intact. For the other states the provisions of this Concordat apply in toto. The latter are also binding on the three states named in so far as they refer to matters not regulated in the separate concordats or in so far as they complement the existing terms.

In the future, concordats with separate states will be entered into only with the consent of the German Government.


In order to cultivate the good relations between the Holy See and the German Reich, an apostolic nuncio will reside in the German capital, as heretofore, and an ambassador of the Reich will reside at the Holy See.


The Holy See enjoys complete freedom in its correspondence with the Bishops, the clergy and the other membership of the Catholic Church in Germany. The same holds good for the Bishops and other diocesan authorities in their intercourse with the believers in all matters concerning their pastoral office.

Notices, regulations, pastoral letters, official diocesan papers and other enactments for the spiritual leadership of the believers, which are promulgated by the church authorities within their jurisdiction, may be published without hindrance and be brought to the attention of the membership in the forms previously in use.


In the exercise of their spiritual office the priesthood enjoys the protection of the State in the same manner as state officials. The State will prosecute insults to their persons or in their capacity as clergymen, as well as disturbances of public worship, according to the general state laws, and when necessary it will grant the protection of the civil authorities.


Clergy and members of conventual orders are freed from the obligation to accept public office and other responsibilities not reconcilable with the provisions of canonical law, with the priesthood, or the rules of their Order, respectively. This applies particularly to the office of bailiff, juror, member of the board of taxation, or of the courts of finance.


In order to accept position or office in the State or in a corporation of a governmental character, clergymen require the "nihil obstat" of their chief diocesan officer as well as of the corresponding public official. The "nihil obstat" may be revoked at any time on important grounds of ecclesiastical interest.


The salaries of clergymen are freed from confiscation on the same terms as those of national and state officials.


Clergymen cannot be questioned by judicial or other authorities for information concerning facts confided to them in the exercise of their spiritual guidance and which therefore come under the duty of pastoral reticence.


The use of clerical dress or that of the dress of a conventual order by laymen, or by clergymen or members of Orders to whom such use has been definitely forbidden, and the civil authorities duly notified of this fact, is subject to the same penalties as the misuse of the military uniform.


The present diocesan organisation and circumscription of the Catholic Church in Germany will remain. Any future establishment of a new bishopric or church province or other changes of the diocesan limits remain, in so far as they concern changes within the boundaries of the separate states, subject to mutual agreement with the state authorities. In the case of establishments or changes which affect several states, the agreement is arrived at with the national government which is then left to make the arrangements with the affected states. The same is true of changes in the boundaries of the church provinces, in so far as they may involve several states. These terms do not apply to shifting of church boundaries solely in the interest of local pastoral administration.

A reorganisation of the diocesan system and circumscription will be the subject of discussion with the Holy See on the part of the German Government.


Notwithstanding the provisions of Article XI ecclesiastical offices can be freely established or changed if no appropriations from the civic funds are sought. The co-operation of the State in the formation and reorganisation of parishes takes place in accordance with the outlines laid down in agreements with the Bishops and for the greatest possible uniformity of which the national government will make recommendations to the state authorities.


Catholic parishes, congregational associations, and diocesan associations, the Episcopal Sees, the bishoprics and chapters, the conventual orders and religious fraternities, as well as the institutions, foundations and properties of the Catholic Church, retain (respectively, receive) the status of public corporations under the general law. They remain public corporations in so far as they have been such in the past, the others may receive equal rights according to the general civil law.


As a matter of principle, the Church has the right freely to appoint all church offices and benefices without the co-operation of the State or of the civil communities, in so far as other provisions have not been made in previous concordats under Article II. This rule applies to the suffragan bishoprics of Rottenburg and Mainz, the bishopric Meissen, and the Metropolitan See of Freiburg on the Rhein. The rule holds also for the first two suffragan bishoprics regarding the appointments of cathedral chapter positions and the regulations of the right of patronage. Furthermore, there is accord on the following points:

1. Catholic clergymen wile hold an ecclesiastical office in Germany, or exercise pastoral or educational functions, must

a. be German citizens,

b. have graduated from a German higher educational institution,

c. have studied at least three years in the field of theology and philosophy in a German state school, a German ecclesiastical academy, or a papal college in Rome.

2. The Bull for the appointment of Archbishops, Bishops, Coadjutors cum jure successionis or of a Praelatus nullis will not be issued until the name of the appointee is submitted to the representative of the national government in the respective state and it has been ascertained that no objections of a general political nature exist.

By agreement of Church and State, Paragraph I, Sections a, b, and c, may be disregarded or set aside.


Conventual orders and religious associations, save for the special provisions of the paragraph following, are not subject to restrictions on the part of the State, either regarding their number, selection of their members, activity in spiritual service, education, care of the sick, and charitable work, or in the management of their affairs and the administration of their property.

Ecclesiastical heads of Orders, having their headquarters in Germany, must be German citizens. Heads of Orders or provincial organisations whose headquarters lie outside Germany, have the right of visitation of the branches lying within Germany.

The Holy See will endeavour so to organise the existing conventual houses that as far as possible they may not be under government of foreign heads. Exceptions may be agreed upon with the German national government in cases where the small number of branches makes a special German province seem inadvisable or where an historic or administratively proven provincial organisation should be permitted to continue.


Before the Bishops take possession of their dioceses, they are to take an an oath fealty either to the national representative in the states, or the president of the Reich, respectively, according to the following formula:

"Before God and on the Holy Gospels I swear and promise -- as becomes a bishop-loyalty to the German Reich and to the state. I swear and promise to honour the constitutional government and to cause the clergy of my diocese to honour it. In the performance of my spiritual office and in my solicitude for the welfare and , interest of the German State, I will try to avoid every detrimental act which might endanger it."


The property and other rights of the public corporations, institutions, foundations and associations of the Catholic Church vested in their possessions are secured according to the general laws of the land. For no reason whatever may a building dedicated to Public worship be torn down without the previous consent of the proper church authority.


In case the State finds it necessary to abrogate the performance of obligations undertaken by it toward the Church, either based on law, agreement or special charter, the reasons for such abrogation should be discussed amicably with the Holy See before they are finally worked out, in order that a friendly agreement may be reached. Traditional rights are to be considered as titles in law. The abrogation must be compensated for by an equivalent to the claimant.


The Catholic theological faculties in the state schools will remain. Their relation to the church authorities will be governed by the respective concordats and the terms set forth in the special closing addenda, and with due consideration of the rules of the Church in this connection. The national government will endeavour to secure a uniform set of regulations for all the Catholic faculties in Germany.


The Church has the right, in so far as other agreements are not in existence, to establish theological and philo-sophical schools for the training of its clergy, these to be dependent solely on the church authorities, if no state subsidies are requested.

The establishment, management and administration of the theological seminaries, under the general limitations, of the civil code is exclusively the prerogative of the church authorities.


Catholic instruction in the grammar, high, trade, and continuation schools is a regular part of the curriculum and is taught in accordance with the principles of the Catholic Church. It will be the special care of religious instruction to inculcate patriotic, civic and social consciousness and sense of duty in the spirit of the Christian faith and moral code, as is the case with the instruction in other subjects. The syllabus and selection of textbooks for religious instruction will be arranged in consultation with the church authorities. The church authorities have the right to investigate whether the pupils are receiving religious instruction in accordance with the teachings and requirements of the Church, the opportunities for such investigation to be agreed upon with the school authorities.


In the appointment of Catholic religious instructors an understanding will be arrived at between the Bishop and the state government. Teachers that have been declared unfit for further exercise of their teaching functions either because of their teachings or moral conduct, may not be employed as teachers of religion as long as the obstacle remains, in the judgment of the Bishop.


The retention and establishment of Catholic schools remains secure. In all parishes in which parents request it, Catholic grammar schools will be established if the number of pupils and the general school situation in the community seem to justify a school run in accordance with the requirements of the State covering schools in general.


In all Catholic grammar schools only such teachers will be employed as are members of the Catholic Church and guarantee the fulfilment of the special requirements of a Catholic School.

Within the general arrangements for the training of teachers, provisions will be made which will guarantee a training of Catholic teachers in accordance with the special requirements of the Catholic school.


Conventual orders and religious communities are entitled to establish and conduct private schools, subject to the general educational laws. These private schools, will have the same standing as the state schools in so far as they fulfill the curricular requirements for the latter.

For members of conventual orders or religious communities the general requirements for teachers and appointments to the grammar, continuation or high schools, are applicable.


With reservations looking toward a later comprehensive regulation of the marriage laws, it is understood that except in cases of the critical illness of one of the engaged couple, or in the case of severe moral emergency, the presence of which must be confirmed by the proper church authority, the church marriage ceremony may precede the civil ceremony. In such cases the pastor is in duty bound to notify the registrar's office at once.


The Church will accord to the German Army (Reichswehr) provision for the spiritual guidance of its officers, officials and personnel, as well as their families.

The administration of the pastoral care for the army is to be vested in the Army Bishop. His appointment is made by the Holy See after the latter has got into touch with the national government in order to select an appropriate candidate who is mutually agreeable.

The appointment of military pastors and other military clergymen will be made by the Army Bishop in concurrence with the proper national authority. The Army Bishop can appoint only such pastors as have the permission of the diocesan bishop to enter military religious service and have received a certificate to that effect. Military chaplains have the standing of regular pastors for the troops assigned to them, and for their personnel. Detailed regulations for the organisation of the Catholic chaplains service will be laid down by an apostolic brief. The regulation of the official aspects of the chaplain's service will be arranged by the national government.


In hospitals, prisons and other institutions of public benevolence the Church will have the right of visitation subject to the rules of the institutions. If regular ecclesiastical supervision is arranged for in such institutions, and if Pastors must be appointed as state or other public officials, such appointments will be made in accord with the church authorities.


The Catholic members of racial minorities living within the boundaries of Germany will be treated as regards the liberty of worship and instruction in their mother tongue, in accordance with the treatment received by German minorities in the respective country.


On Sundays and holy days special prayers, conforming to the general liturgy, will be offered for the welfare of the German Reich, and its people, in episcopal, parish, and conventual churches and chapels.


Such Catholic organisations and associations as serve a purely religious, cultural or charitable purpose, and as such are subject to the church authorities, will be protected in their establishments and activities.

Catholic organisations and associations which serve in addition to the religious, cultural or charitable purposes, social or professional objectives, shall, without prejudice to civil bodies of a similar character, enjoy the protection of Article XXXI, paragraph I, in so far as they guarantee that their activity lies outside any political party.

The determination of the organisations and associations which fall under the terms of this article will be a matter of agreement between the national government and the German episcopate.

In so far as the Reich and the states sponsor athletic or other young people's organisations, care will be taken that their members are enabled to fulfill their religious obligations on Sundays and holy days and that they are not encouraged to any acts not in accord with their religious and moral opinions and duties.


In consideration of the special situation existing in Germany, and in view of guaranty provided by this Concordat of legislation which will safeguard the rights and privileges of the Roman Catholic Church in the nation and its component states, the Holy See will prescribe regulations which will prohibit clergymen and members of conventual orders from membership in political parties and from working on their behalf. (Cf. Supplementary Protocol.)


All matters appertaining to clerical persons or ecclesiastical affairs which have not been treated in the foregoing articles will be treated according to canonical law.

Should differences of opinion arise regarding the interpretation of execution of any article of this Concordat, the Holy See and the German Reich will achieve a friendly solution in mutual agreement.


This Concordat, whose German and Italian text shall have equal force, shall be ratified and the certificates of ratifications exchanged as soon as possible. It is in force from the day of such exchange.

In witness hereof, the plenipotentiaries have signed this Concordat.

Signed in two original exemplars, in the Vatican City, July 20th, 1933





The Supplementary Protocol. At the signing of the Concordat between the Holy See and the German Reich the duly accredited plenipotentiaries have adjoined the following explanations, which form an integral part of the Concordat itself.

In re:

Article 3: The Apostolic Nuntius to the German Reich, in accordance with the exchange of notes between the Apostolic Nuntiate in Berlin and the Foreign Office, on the 11th and 27th of March respectively, shall be the Doyen of the diplomatic corps in Berlin.

Article 13: It is understood that the church retains the right to levy church taxes (on its membership).

Article 14 Paragraph 2: It is understood that when objections of a general political nature exist, they shall be presented within the shortest possible time. If after 20 days, such statement has not been made, the Holy See will be justified in assuming that there are no objections to the candidate. The names of the persons in question will be held confidential until the announcement of the appointment. A State veto shall not be required to assign reasons.

Article 17: In so far as public buildings or properties are used for church purposes, these are retained, subject to existing agreements.

Article 19, Paragraph 2: This is founded at the time of the signing of this Concordat on the apostolic constitution: "Deus Scientiarum Dominus", of May 24th, 1931, and the Instruction of July 7, I932.

Article 20: The high schools and colleges now under the administration of the Church are recognized as important church institutions per se, and as integral parts of the diocesan organisations.

Article 24: As soon as private institutions are able to meet the requirements of the new educational code for the training of teachers, the existing institutions of the conventual orders and communities will be given due consideration.

Article 26: A severe moral emergency exists when there are insuperable or disproportionately difficult and costly obstacles in the way of securing the customary civil documents at the right time.

Article 27, Paragraph 1: Catholic officers, officials and personnel, as well as their families do not belong to the local parishes and do not contribute to their financial burdens.

Paragraph 4: The publication of the apostolic brief will take place after consultation with the national government.

Article 28: In urgent cases the pastor is to be admitted at all times.

Article 29: After the German government has indicated its willingness to the compromise regarding the non-German minorities, the Holy See declares,--pursuant to its principles regarding the right of employment of the mother tongue in religious instruction and in Catholic Societies -- that it will have in mind similar protective clauses for German minorities when arranging concordats with other countries.

Article 31, Paragraph 4: The principles laid down in this article hold good also for the national labour service.

Article 32: It is understood that similar provisions for nonparticipation in politics will govern members of other creeds also. The conduct enjoined upon the pastors and members of conventual orders in Germany does not entail any limitation of the prescribed preaching and interpretation of the dogmatic and moral teachings and principles of the Church.

In Vatican City, July 20th, 1933.







December 1, 1933 -- December 1, 2003



Excerpts cited below from:

"Hitler Speaks: A Series of Political Conversations
with Adolf Hitler on His Real Aims"
by Hermann Rauschning
London: Thornton Butterworth, Ltd., 1939
Hitler, however, believes in the natural wickedness of the Jew. For him the Jew is evil incarnate. He has made a myth out of the Jew, and has made capital out of it; but behind this is a manifestly genuine personal feeling of primitive hatred and vengefulness.

Explanations of this may be sought in his personal experience, and, incidentally, it may be that under the Nuremberg racial legislation Hitler himself is not to be classed as "Aryan"; but the intensity of his anti-Semitism can only be explained by his inflation of the Jew into a mythical prototype of humanity. It cannot be said, indeed, that he is illogical in this. His own esoteric doctrine implies an almost metaphysical antagonism to the Jew. Israel, the historic people of the spiritual God, cannot but be the irreconcilable enemy of the new, the German, Chosen People. One god excludes the other. At the back of Hitler's anti-Semitism there is revealed an actual war of the gods. This was so, of course, only for Hitler himself. His party comrades had no notion of the fantastic perspectives in which their master saw their concrete struggle. (page 232)

" The struggle for world domination will be fought entirely between us, between Germans and Jews. All else is facade and illusion. Behind England stands Israel, and behind France, and behind the United States. Even when we have driven the Jew out of Germany, he remains our world enemy". (page 234)

"But we have been speaking", said Hitler, "of the Jew only as the ruler of the economic world empire. We have been speaking of him as our political opponent. Where does he stand in the deeper struggle for the new world era?"

I confessed that I had no notion.

" There cannot be two Chosen People. We are God's Chosen People. Does not that fully answer the question?"

Again he banged on the table.

"Symbolically? No! It's the sheer simple undiluted truth. Two worlds face one another -- the men of God and the men of Satan! The Jew is the anti-man, the creature of another god. He must have come from another root of the human race. I set the Aryan and the Jew over against each other; and if I call one of them a human being I must call the other something else. The two are as widely separated as man and beast. Not that I would call the Jew a beast. He is much further from the beasts than we Aryans. He is a creature outside nature and alien to nature".

Hitler seemed to have more to say. But words failed him amid the onrush of his surging thoughts. His face was distorted and working. He snapped his fingers in his excitement.

"It's an endless subject", he spluttered. (page 238)

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